Richard Nixon, 37th president of the US

Richard Milhous Nixon served as the 37th President of the United States.

Richard Nixon
Richard Nixon

Here is an overview of his background, presidency, and key events during his time in office:


  • Full Name: Richard Milhous Nixon
  • Born: January 9, 1913, in Yorba Linda, California, U.S.
  • Died: April 22, 1994, in New York City, New York, U.S.

Early Life and Political Career:

  1. Education: Nixon attended Whittier College and Duke University School of Law.
  2. Military Service: During World War II, he served in the U.S. Navy.
  3. Congressional Career: Nixon was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1946 and later to the U.S. Senate in 1950.

Vice Presidency:

  1. Selection as Vice President: In 1952, Nixon was selected as the running mate for Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower.
  2. Checkers Speech: During the 1952 campaign, Nixon delivered the famous “Checkers Speech” to address allegations about a political fund. The speech is known for Nixon’s mention of a dog named Checkers, a gift from a supporter.

Presidential Election of 1960:

  1. Presidential Candidate: Nixon ran for president in 1960 as the Republican nominee.
  2. Television Debate: He participated in the first televised presidential debate against John F. Kennedy, which is often cited as having a significant impact on the election.
  3. Close Defeat: Nixon narrowly lost the election to Kennedy.

1968 Presidential Election:

  1. Nomination: Nixon won the Republican nomination for president in 1968.
  2. Victory: He defeated Democratic nominee Hubert Humphrey and third-party candidate George Wallace to become the 37th President of the United States.

Presidency (1969-1974):

  1. Domestic Policies: Nixon’s presidency saw domestic initiatives, including environmental legislation, the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA).
  2. Foreign Policy: Notable events included the normalization of relations with China, the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) with the Soviet Union, and the Vietnamization policy in the Vietnam War.
  3. Watergate Scandal: The Watergate scandal, involving a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters and subsequent cover-up attempts, led to investigations, hearings, and ultimately Nixon’s resignation.

Resignation and Post-Presidential Years:

  1. Resignation: Facing imminent impeachment over the Watergate scandal, Nixon resigned from the presidency on August 8, 1974. He is the only U.S. president to have resigned from office.
  2. Pardon: Nixon was pardoned by his successor, President Gerald Ford, for any crimes he might have committed while in office.
  3. Later Life: After leaving office, Nixon wrote his memoirs, engaged in international speaking engagements, and worked on foreign policy issues.


Richard Nixon died on April 22, 1994, at the age of 81.

Richard Nixon’s legacy is complex, encompassing both significant accomplishments in foreign policy and enduring controversies related to Watergate.

His presidency marked a turbulent period in American history and politics.