Warren G. Harding, 29th president of U.S.

Warren G. Harding was the 29th President of the United States, serving from 1921 until his death in 1923.

Warren G. Harding’s presidency was marked by a number of policy initiatives, primarily focused on promoting economic prosperity, reducing government intervention in the economy, and advocating for a return to normalcy after the upheaval of World War I.

Harding, Warren G
Harding, Warren G

Here are some key points about his presidency and legacy:

  1. Early Life and Career: Warren Gamaliel Harding was born on November 2, 1865, in Blooming Grove, Ohio. He worked as a newspaper publisher and editor before entering politics. Harding served in the Ohio State Senate and as Lieutenant Governor of Ohio before being elected to the U.S. Senate in 1914.
  2. Presidential Election of 1920: Harding was elected President in a landslide victory in the 1920 presidential election, running on a platform of “return to normalcy” after the tumult of World War I. He defeated Democrat James M. Cox in a campaign marked by anti-Progressivism and a desire for stability.
  3. Domestic Policies: Harding’s presidency was characterized by a pro-business agenda and conservative policies. He signed the Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act, which raised tariffs on imported goods to protect American industries. Harding also advocated for tax cuts and limited government regulation of the economy.
  4. Scandals and Corruption: Harding’s administration was marred by several scandals, including the Teapot Dome scandal, in which his Interior Secretary, Albert Fall, leased government oil reserves to private companies in exchange for bribes. Other scandals involved corruption in the Veterans Bureau and the Department of Justice.
  5. Foreign Policy: Harding sought to promote international cooperation and disarmament in the aftermath of World War I. He hosted the Washington Naval Conference in 1921, which resulted in agreements to limit naval armaments and promote peace in the Pacific.
  6. Death and Legacy: Warren G. Harding died suddenly of a heart attack on August 2, 1923, while on a trip to California. His death shocked the nation and raised questions about his health and the circumstances surrounding his passing. Harding’s presidency is often overshadowed by the scandals that occurred during his tenure, tarnishing his legacy. However, some historians argue that he should be credited for his efforts to promote peace and stability after World War I, as well as his support for racial equality and civil rights, particularly for African Americans.


Here are some key policies associated with Harding’s administration:

  1. Return to Normalcy: Harding campaigned on a platform of “return to normalcy,” emphasizing a desire to restore stability and prosperity to the nation after the disruptions of World War I. His policies sought to promote a sense of normalcy and continuity in American life.
  2. Pro-Business Agenda: Harding pursued a pro-business agenda, advocating for policies that favored the interests of American industry and commerce. He supported tax cuts for businesses and high-income earners, as well as tariffs to protect American industries from foreign competition.
  3. Tax Cuts: Harding signed into law the Revenue Act of 1921, which significantly reduced income tax rates for individuals and corporations. The tax cuts were intended to stimulate economic growth and encourage investment.
  4. Tariffs: Harding supported protectionist trade policies, including high tariffs on imported goods. He signed the Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act in 1922, which raised tariffs on a wide range of imported products to protect American manufacturers from foreign competition.
  5. Limited Government Regulation: Harding believed in the importance of limited government intervention in the economy. He sought to reduce government regulation and bureaucracy, allowing businesses to operate with greater freedom and flexibility.
  6. Civil Rights: Harding expressed support for civil rights and racial equality, particularly for African Americans. He advocated for anti-lynching legislation and appointed African Americans to prominent government positions, although his efforts in this area were limited by political opposition and institutional racism.
  7. Foreign Policy: Harding pursued a policy of international cooperation and disarmament in the aftermath of World War I. He hosted the Washington Naval Conference in 1921, which resulted in agreements to limit naval armaments and promote peace in the Pacific region.

Overall, Warren G. Harding’s presidency was characterized by a pro-business agenda, tax cuts, protectionist trade policies, and a desire to promote stability and prosperity in the aftermath of World War I.

While his administration faced criticism for corruption and scandals, Harding’s policies reflected the conservative economic and political values of the time.